Our physicians are trained in the medical and surgical management of pediatric ENT disorders. Some of these include: tonsils and adenoids, ENT allergies and cochlear implants. In addition to our satellite office at Children's Medical Center, our physicians staff the pediatric cochlear implant clinic at Children’s Medical Center.
Adenoiditis is an inflammation of the adenoids caused by infection. Adenoids are masses of lymphatic tissue that help the body fight infection. Adenoids are found in the throat, also called the pharynx, just behind the nose.
Allergic rhinitis, also known as hay fever, is a type of inflammation in the nose which occurs when the immune system overreacts to allergens in the air. Signs and symptoms include a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, red, itchy, and watery eyes, and swelling around the eyes.
A branchial cleft abnormality is a mass of abnormally formed tissues within the neck.
Chronic ear disease is a spectrum of problems which might include a hole in the eardrum.
Tonsillitis is defined as the inflammation of the tonsils due to a bacterial or viral infection. If it occurs frequently or if the tonsils remain inflamed over a long period of time, it's classified as chronic tonsillitis.
A cleft lip contains an opening in the upper lip that may extend into the nose. The opening may be on one side, both sides, or in the middle. A cleft palate is when the roof of the mouth contains an opening into the nose.
Choanal atresia is a congenital disorder where the back of the nasal passage (choana) is blocked.
Congenital laryngeal stridor (also called laryngomalacia) results from a congenital (present at birth) anomaly of the larynx (voice box). A weakness in the structures in the larynx, can cause stridor. Stridor is a high-pitched sound that is heard best when the child breaths in (inspiration).
A cochlear implant (CI) is a surgically implanted electronic device that provides a sense of sound to a person who is profoundly deaf or severely hard of hearing in both ears.
A dermoid cyst is a saclike growth that is present at birth. It contains structures such as hair, fluid, teeth, or skin glands that can be found on or in the skin.
A deviated septum occurs when your nasal septum — the thin wall that separates your right and left nasal passages — is displaced to one side.
Down syndrome (DS or DNS), also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21.
The infection usually affects the middle ear and is called otitis media. The tubes inside the ears become clogged with fluid and mucus.
There are many types of congenital ear deformities, including: Microtia: Underdeveloped outer ear. Anotia: Missing one or both ears. Protruding ears: More than 2 cm from the head.
Endoscopic sinus surgery is a surgical procedure used to remove blockages in the sinuses.
Facial paralysis is a loss of facial movement due to nerve damage.
Feeding and Swallowing Disorders in Children: Pediatric swallowing and feeding disorders are seen in 25-35% of normally developing children and 50-70% of children born premature or with chronic medical conditions.
Food allergy is an abnormal response to a food triggered by your body's immune system.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when stomach acid frequently flows back into the tube connecting your mouth and stomach (esophagus).
Head and neck masses include cysts, enlarged glands, abscesses and tumors.
A hearing aid is a small electronic device that you wear in or behind your ear. It makes some sounds louder so that a person with hearing loss can listen, communicate, and participate more fully in daily activities.
Hearing loss in children can derive from many forms. It can be congenital (present at birth), genetic, syndromic, nonsyndromic, acquired, and/or progressive. It may manifest as conductive, sensorineural, or mixed hearing loss.
A hearing test provides an evaluation of the sensitivity of a person's sense of hearing and is most often performed by an audiologist using an audiometer.
Infant sleep apnea is a sleep related breathing disorder. It involves reductions and pauses in breathing that occur during an infant's sleep.
Laryngomalacia is a congenital softening of the tissues of the larynx (voice box) above the vocal cords. This is the most common cause of noisy breathing in infancy.
Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), also known as extraesophageal reflux disease (EERD), silent reflux, and supra-esophageal reflux, is the retrograde flow of gastric contents into the larynx, oropharynx and/or the nasopharynx. LPR causes respiratory symptoms such as cough and wheezing
Lymphadenopathy or adenopathy is disease of the lymph nodes, in which they are abnormal in size, number, or consistency.
Lymphatic malformations are rare, non-malignant masses consisting of fluid-filled channels or spaces thought to be caused by the abnormal development of the lymphatic system. These malformations are usually apparent at birth or by two years of age.
Neck masses in children often involve the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system and functions to fight disease and infections.
The lymphatic system is a network of tissues and organs that help rid the body of toxins, waste and other unwanted materials.
Mastoiditis is usually caused by a middle ear infection. This infection can result in damage to the mastoid bone and the formation of pus-filled cysts.
Myringotomy tubes (often called ear tubes) are small tubes that are surgically placed into your child's eardrum by an ear, nose, and throat surgeon. The tubes are placed to help drain the fluid out of the middle ear in order to reduce the risk of ear infections.
Congenital (present at birth) deformity – a baby born with a cleft lip, cleft palate, nasal mass or other anomaly (problem) may have structural weakness or asymmetry of the nose.
Nasal obstruction refers to some blockage of the nose or nasal cavity and can be caused by a wide variety of problems.
A neck mass is a lump or swelling in the neck that can be large and visible or very small, and they are very common in infants and young children.
Nosebleeds are common due to the location of the nose on the face, and the large amount of blood vessels in the nose. The most common causes of nosebleeds are drying of the nasal membranes and nose picking (digital trauma), which can be prevented with proper lubrication of the nasal passages and not picking the nose.
Obstructive sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder. It causes breathing to repeatedly stop and start during sleep.
Swimmer's ear is an infection of the outer ear canal that runs from the eardrum to the outside of the head. It's often caused by water remaining in the ear after swimming. This creates a moist environment that helps bacteria or fungi grow.
An ear infection is usually caused by bacteria or viruses. Ear pain and fever are common symptoms.
Pharyngitis and tonsillitis are infections in the throat that cause inflammation. If the tonsils are primarily affected, it is called tonsillitis. If the throat is primarily affected, it is called pharyngitis. A child might even have inflammation and infection of both the tonsils and the throat.
Pilomatricoma, also known as pilomatrixoma, is a type of noncancerous (benign) skin tumor associated with hair follicles.
Salivary gland disorders may affect your ability to make saliva.
Overall infectious or inflammatory sinus disease can be broken up into acute (quick onset) or chronic (over a long period of time). Acute sinusitis is the most common form of sinusitis and is typically treated with a combination of antibiotics and agents to decrease inflammation in the nose.
Acute sinusitis can be triggered by a cold or allergies and may resolve on its own. Chronic sinusitis lasts up to eight weeks and may be caused by an infection or growths.
When a person is unable to produce speech sounds correctly or fluently, or has problems with his or her voice, then he or she has a speech disorder. Difficulties pronouncing sounds, or articulation disorders, and stuttering are examples of speech disorders.
Stridor is a harsh vibrating noise when breathing, caused by obstruction of the windpipe or larynx.
A thyroglossal cyst is a fibrous cyst that forms from a persistent thyroglossal duct. Thyroglossal cysts can be defined as an irregular neck mass or a lump which develops from cells and tissues left over after the formation of the thyroid gland during developmental stages.
The thyroid gland manufactures hormones that regulate your body's metabolism. Several different disorders can arise when your thyroid produces too much hormone (hyperthyroidism) or not enough (hypothyroidism).
The condition is present at birth. A short, tight band of tissue tethers the tongue's tip to the floor of the mouth. It can affect how a child eats and speaks, and can interfere with breastfeeding.
Tonsils and adenoids are often removed when they become enlarged and block the upper airway, leading to breathing difficulty. They are also removed when recurrence of tonsil infections or strep throat cannot be successfully treated by antibiotics.
Tracheomalacia in a newborn occurs when the cartilage in the windpipe has not developed properly. Instead of being rigid, the walls of the trachea are floppy. Because the windpipe is the main airway, breathing problems begin soon after birth.
A vascular malformation is another type of birthmark, or congenital (present at birth) growth, made up of arteries, veins, capillaries, or lymphatic vessels. There are several different types of malformations and they are named according to which type of blood vessel is predominantly affected.
Our physicians are trained in the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders of the ear, nose and throat, and related structures of the head and neck. Some of the specialized areas include: ear and hearing disorders; nasal and sinus problems including sleep apnea and snoring; ENT related allergies; diseases of the thyroid and throat; voice disorders.